Applications and Meanings of the Term Dhamma

1 January 2520

2. Applications and Meanings of the Term

I. Nature as the truth; cosmic law; nature and the law of nature as it is, uncreated, not invented or decreed, to be discovered; the law and all that are subject to the Law:

  1. (Pakati; vikāra) = the Law; natural law; law of nature; norm; nature; mutative nature; alterative character.
  2. (Sacca) = the Truth; Ultimate Reality
  3. (Lokuttaradhamma) = the Supramundane; Nirvāṇa
  4. (Kāraṇa; paccaya; hetu) = condition; cause; causal antecedent; reason.
  5. (Ñeyya; sabhāva) = thing; state; phenomenon; quality.

II. Subjective Dhamma; all in I., as counterpart of Mano, to be perceived, mentalized or conceptualized by the mind:

  1. (Nissattatā; dhammārammaṇa) = cognizable object; mindobject; mental datum.
  2. (Nissattatā; suññatā) = mind-objects; mental factors; mental data; ideals

III. The moral part or ethical aspect of natural law, as recommended for, or believed, often traditionally or conventionally, to contribute to, a good life or a good social order; the moral law and all that are subject to the moral law; any traditional, customary or conventional practice:

  1. (Guṇa; puñña) = righteousness; virtue; morality; good conduct; moral quality
  2. a. (overlapped by Nos. 3, 4) (Ñāya; magga; paṭipadā) = right practice; the Path
    b. (Ācāra) = practice; tradition; custom; principle; rule; duty
  3. (Yuttakāraṇa; bhūtavatthu) = justice; impartiality; fairness.

IV. The Truth or natural Law as discovered, interpreted and preached by the Buddha; the Teaching (in contrast to the Vinaya), as one of the Three Gems of the Buddhists; that which is taught or to be studied:

  1. (Desanā; pariyatti) = the (Buddha’s) Doctrine; the Teaching; the Dhamma
  2. (Desanā; diṭṭhi) = a doctrine; teaching; religion; theory.

V. (in judicial usage) A matter of disciplinary or legal significance in which judgment is needed to secure justice or righteousness; the procedure toward, or an offense and punishment based on, such judgement:

  1. (Āpatti; vinicchaya) = an offense; legal action.

Some specific meanings in specific contexts are also suggested by the Commentators, such as concentration (samādhi) and wisdom (paññā).

It should be noted that the above applications and meanings often overlap.

ตอนก่อนหน้า/ตอนต่อไป<< Notes on Stupas and Other Sites of PilgrimageSamatha and Vipassanā (Tranquility and Insight Meditations): Points of Distinction >>

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

No Comments

Comments are closed.