Applications and Meanings of the Term Dhamma

1 January 2520

3. Illustrative Quotations from the Pali Canon

I.

1. the Law; natural law; norm; nature; mutative nature:

“Atha kho sāriputtassa paribbājakassa imaṁ dhammapariyāyaṁ sutvā virajaṁ vītamalaṁ dhammacakkhuṁ udapādi: Yaṅkiñci samudayadhammaṁ, sabbantaṁ nirodhadhammanti.

(Now when the Wanderer Sārīputta heard this statement of the Dhamma, the spotless, immaculate vision of the Dhamma arose in him: Whatsoever is of a nature to arise is all of a nature to cease.)

(Vin.4/66/74 = I.40)

“Jātidhammānaṁ Bhikkhave sattānaṁ evaṁ icchā uppajjatīti.

(Monks, in beings liable to birth, a wish like this arises.)

(D.10/297/343 = II.307)

“Mamañhi Ānanda kalyāṇamittaṁ āgamma jātidhammā sattā jātiyā parimuccanti, jarādhammā sattā jarāya parimuccanti …

(Indeed, Ānanda, depending on me as a good friend, beings who are of the nature to be reborn are liberated from rebirth, beings who are of the nature to decay are liberated from decay …)

(S.19/7/3 = V.3)

2. The truth

“Atha kho seṭṭhī gahapati diṭṭhadhammo pattadhammo viditadhammo …pe… vesārajjappatto aparappaccayo satthu sāsane.”

(Then the rich merchant saw and reached and found the Dhamma … he gained perfect confidence and became independent of others in the Teacher’s Dispensation.)

(Vin.4/27/32 = I.16)

3. The supramundane; Nirvāṇa

“Paṭisallānaṁ jhānamariñcamāno,
dhammesu1 niccaṁ anudhammacārī,
Ādīnavaṁ sammasitā bhavesu
eko care khaggavisāṇakappo.”

(Abandoning neither seclusion nor meditation, practicing constantly in conformity to the Dhamma, seeing the danger of existences, let one walk alone like a rhinoceros.)

(Sn.25/296/338 = 69)

“Passa dhammaṁ2 durājānaṁ Sampamūḷhettha aviddasū”

(See here the Dhamma, hard to understand, at which the fools become bewildered.)

(Sn.25/406/482 = 762)

4. condition; cause; causal antecedent; reason

“Hetumhi ñāṇaṁ dhammapaṭisambhidā …pe… yehi dhammehi te dhammā jātā bhūtā sañjātā nibbattā abhinibbattā pātubhūtā, tesu dhammesu ñāṇaṁ dhammapaṭisambhidā.”

(Knowledge of cause is analytic insight of the Dhamma…. states from which these states are born, become, begotten, existent, fully existent, apparent; knowledge of those states is analytic insight of the Dhamma.)

(Vbh.35/779–780/399 = 293)

“Luddho atthaṁ na jānāti, Luddho dhammaṁ na jānāti.”

(The lustful knows not profit, the lustful sees not reason.)

(It.25/268/295 = 84)

5. thing; state; phenomenon; quality

“Kusalā dhammā, akusalā dhammā, abyākatā dhammāti.”

(Wholesome states, unwholesome states, and indeterminate states)

(Dhs.34/1/1 = 1)

“Uppādā vā bhikkhave Tathāgatānaṁ, anuppādā vā Tathāgatānaṁ, ṭhitā va sā dhātu dhammaṭṭhitatā dhammaniyāmatā: Sabbe saṅkhārā aniccāti … Sabbe saṅkhārā dukkhāti … Sabbe dhammā annattāti.”

(Whether Perfect Ones appear or not, there remains this element, this structure of things, this orderliness of things: All formations are impermanent; … All formations are suffering; … All things are not-self.)

(A.20/576/368 = I.286)

“Katame dhammā saṅkhatā? Yeva te dhammā sappaccayā, teva te dhammā saṅkhatā. Katame dhammā asaṅkhatā? Yo eva so dhammo apaccayo, so eva so dhammo asaṅkhato.”

(Which are the states that are conditioned? It is those states which have a cause that are conditioned. Which are the states that are unconditioned? It is the state which is without a cause that is unconditioned.)

(Dhs.34/702/277)

“Sabbe dhammā nālaṁ abhinivesāyāti.”

(All phenomena are not fitting for clinging to.)

(M.12/434/464 = I.251)

“Sabbe dhammā sabbākārena Buddhassa Bhagavato ñāṇamukhe āpāthaṁ āgacchanti.”

(All dhammas come into the range of vision in all their aspects in the face of the insight of the Blessed Buddha.)

(Nd1.29/320/217 = 178)

ตอนก่อนหน้า/ตอนต่อไป<< Notes on Stupas and Other Sites of PilgrimageSamatha and Vipassanā (Tranquility and Insight Meditations): Points of Distinction >>

เชิงอรรถ

  1. Dhammāti nava lokuttaradhammā. (SnA. 1/154)
  2. Dhammanti nibbānadhammaṁ. (SnA. 2/396)

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